What is the GIA and what does this organization do? The letters stand for the Gemological Institute of America, and the nonprofit institute was first created in the year 1931. Today it is considered THE expert and authority when it comes to gems, and this includes diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds, and even pearls. The protection of all gemstone purchasers is the goal of this entity, and this is accomplished in a number of ways. Educating the public and consumers, laboratory services that are offered, research that is always being conducted, and instruments are provided that are utilized to determine the true quality of any item in this category.
Some of the most valuable colored diamonds ever sold were examined and rated by this organization. Millions of individuals in this industry rely on the color grading charts and other resources that are offered to grade stones consistently, and based on specific standards that never change. This means that the same item will receive the same grade every time, regardless of who is buying or selling it.
Until the GIA was formed in 1931 there was not a set of standards that were followed by everyone. Each dealer or seller could use many different criteria, and the grade a stone received could be different depending on the individual buying or selling it. A set of specific grading criteria that includes color, clarity, and carat weight was developed to help provide assistance to consumers and dealers both.
The Gemological Institute of America has built up a reputation for integrity and honesty over the last 8 decades in operation, and it is the number one organization in the gemstone industry. In addition to providing professional services, research resources, and consistent grading criteria this entity also provides an education to anyone who is interested in this field of study. There are certificates and degrees offered for all levels of secondary education, from an Accredited Jewelry Professional program all the way up to a Graduate Gemologist diploma. Individuals from all over the globe come to this organization to learn from the experts.
Another advantage that this institute offers is incomparable experience. More rare specimens and famous gems have been examined here than any other lab. These include the Incomparable, the Hope, the De Beers Millennium Star, and the Taylor-Burton specimen. When it comes to respected opinions in this field there is no higher authority than the GIA. Not only do they test precious stones on a daily basis they also alert the public when frauds are discovered as well.